Scaling and Root Planing

What is Scaling and Root Planing?

Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) falls under restorative dental practice. It involves the elimination of plaque and calculus (tartar) that get stuck above and below your gum line. This process is essential when a patient’s gums, bones, and also surrounding tissues are damaged because of periodontitis (gum disease).

Scaling and Root Planing Process: Step-By-Step

The scaling and root planing process includes the elimination of plaque, tartar that has hardened (calculus), and also stains from an individual’s teeth and tooth roots. The procedure usually needs two appointments at your dentist.
Scaling and Root Planing

1. Local Anesthesia Administration

Scaling and root planing actually need the administration of local anesthesia, which helps to ease the pain.

At first, your dentist injects the drug into your mouth and numbs the treated part. Just after about five minutes, a temporary loss of sensation takes place. You’ll remain awake throughout the whole procedure but will not experience any pain.

2. Scaling

In the second step of the procedure, your dentist will eliminate plaque and calculus present beneath the gums, between the gums, and also on the base of teeth crowns.

Scaling is either performed manually or with the help of an ultrasonic instrument. Both the techniques are effective.

3. Root Planing

Root planing is a process to smooth rough surfaces and eliminate any subgingival bacteria.

During the process, your dentist will clean deep below the gums to eliminate plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth’ roots where the bones are affected because of the infection. Planing includes the entire elimination of cementum – the calcified layer that covers the root of the tooth.

4. Post-Surgery

Once the process is done, your dentist will flush that part to wipe off any remaining bacteria. Then a certain pressure will be applied by the dentist to ensure proper growth of gum tissue.

Patients generally feel very little pain after the process.

Scaling and Root Planing

How Often Do You Require Scaling and Root Planing?

If you are suffering from serious periodontal disease, your dentist may prescribe a scaling and root planing procedure at least twice a year. But, if your teeth and gums are healthy after the initial procedure, you’ll just require dental checkups twice a year. During these dental sessions, your dentist will perform a regular teeth cleaning and examination.
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